The Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku is a unique local government in that its community of interest is contained with the traditional lands of the Ngaanyatjarra people of the Central Desert of Western Australia. The 99 year leases held by the Ngaanyatjarra Land Council on behalf of the traditional owners also form the boundaries of the Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku.
The Shire's isolated location 1,542 km from Perth impacts on the cost of virtually every facet of its operations. The Shire's distance from Perth is not a true indicator of remoteness because of the 560 km of gravel road involved from Laverton to Warburton. The Shire is unique today in being so far from bitumen roads.
The estimated population of 1,838 comprises mainly Ngaanyatjarra people and about 195 non-Aboriginal co-ordinators, technicians and public servants.
The Shire receives ex gratia rates from the community leasehold areas and these will be supplemented by service charges as services are introduced. The rates on the community leasehold areas are based directly on unimproved values issued on the community's two leases. The only true rates that the Shire receives is in respect of mining tenements.